How to Treat Coco Peat for effective Germination
As the saying goes, a good crop starts with a well prepared nursery. If your seedlings perform exemplary, you are definitely sure you will have a bumper harvest. In the recent past, farmers have been shifting to soilless media to propagate their seedlings and raise plants hydroponically. One of the media that is increasingly becoming popular is coco peat. Unfortunately, many farmers have little knowledge on how to handle this product, especially new users.
Coco peat planting media must be treated first before use to achieve 100% germination and healthy looking crops. Failure to treat the growing media will lead to poor germination due to the scorching effect and nutrient antagonism. Plants also exhibit some form of stunting in their growth.
We supply all cocopeat types, from very fine to course. Fine cocopeat is mainly used in the propagation of seedlings because it allows for easier root penetration. Rough cocopeat with more than 50% fibre is ideal for planting of mature crops.
Step by Step Procedure on How to Treat Coco peat
- Soaking in Water
Soak coco peat in water for 15minutes to hydrate it. This also loosens it.
- Add Calcium Nitrate
Add calcium nitrate in the mixture solution at a rate of (1 spoon ful) for every 5kgs then stir the mixture and leave it for 24hours. A displacement reaction will take place.
- Wash coco peat 5-7 times with clean water
Once 24 hours has elapsed drain the water and wash the coco peat 5-7 times to remove any traces of sodium salt. The pH and electrical conductivity (EC) of the media are then measured. Ideal pH should be 5.6-6.5 while the EC should be 1.6-2.0
- Potting of the media on seed trays or planting bags then sowing.
- Commencement of nutrition regime
Two weeks after germination, nutrition programme begins.